Global mean surface air temperature change
simulations for a doubling of CO2

Year of publication

Authors

Climate change projection (C)

Type of model

Origin of research group

1980

Manabe and Stouffer

2.0

GCM

USA

Manabe and Wetherald

3.0

GCM

USA

Potter

2.3 (N. Hem.)

GCM

USA

Wang and Stone

2.04.2

RCM

USA

1981

Cess and Goldenberg

1.51.8, 3.1

EMB

USA

Charlock

1.582.25

RCM

USA

Gates et al.

0.2

GCM

USA

Hansen et al.

1.23.9

RCM

USA

Hummel and Reck

1.712.05

RCM

USA

Hunt

0.691.82

RCM

Australia

Kandel

0.78.7

EBM

France

Lacis et al.

2.9

RCM

USA

Ramanathan

0.3, 2.3

RCM

USA

Wang et al.

1.472.80

RCM

USA

Wetherald and Manabe

2.43.0

GCM

USA

1982

Chou et al.

2.3 (N. Hem.)

EBM

USA

Gilliland

2.26

EBM

USA

Hall et al.

2.4

RCM

USA

Hummel

1.291.83

RCM

USA

Lindzen et al.

1.461.93

RCM

USA

Schlesinger

2.0

GCM

USA

1983

Aleksandrov et al.

1.4

GCM

former USSR

Mitchell

0.16, 2.25

GCM

UK

Washington and Meehl

1.3

GCM

USA

1984

Cess and Potter

1.87

SDMb

USA

Gilliland and Schneider

1.6 (0.3)

EBM

USA

Hansen et al

4.24.8

GCM

USA

Lal and Ramanathan

1.82.4

RCM

USA

Somerville and Remer

0.481.74

RCM

USA

Washington and Meehl

1.43.5

GCM

USA

1985

Liou et al.

2.3

RTMc

USA

Ou and Liou

2.54.3

RTM

USA

Owens et al.

1.7

RCM

USA

1986

Dickinson

3.7

Washington and Meehl

1.6

GCM

USA

1987

Mitchell and Warrilow

5.2

GCM

UK

Peng et al.

2.6

EBM

USA

Roeckner et al.

3.3

GCM

Germany

Wigley and Raper

1.23.5

EBM

UK

Wilson and Mitchell

5.2

GCM

UK

1988

Wetherald and Manabe

3.24.0

GCM

USA

1989

Mitchell et al.

1.93.5

GCM

UK

Noda and Tokioka

4.3

GCM

Japan

Schlesinger and Zhao

2.84.4

GCM

USA/China

Stouffer et al.

4.0

GCM

USA

Washington and Meehl

4.0

GCM

USA

1991

Jentsch

1.53.5

EBM

Germany

Stenchikov

1.4

GCM

former USSR

Wang et al.

4.2

GCM

USA

Washington and Meehl

1.6

GCM

USA

1992

Boer et al.

3.5

GCM

Canada

Cao et al.

1.786.3

RCM

UK

Cubasch et al.

0.62.6

GCM

Germany

Wigley and Raper

1.53.4

EBM

UK

1993

Charnock and Shine

1.52.4

RCM

UK

Manabe and Stouffer

3.5

GCM

USA

Meehl et al.

2.3

GCM

USA

Senior and Mitchell

1.95.4

GCM

UK

Wang et al.

1.75

GCM

China

1994

DeHann et al.

1.9

EBM

Netherlands/Austria

Gordon and Hunt

4.0

GCM

Australia

LeTreut et al.

3.63.9

GCM

France

Mahfouf et al.

1.4

GCM

France

Pollard and Thompson

2.062.27

GCM

USA

1995

Rind et al.

4.24.8

GCM

USA

Source: COMPARISON OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE SIMULATIONS
FOR 2 CO2-INDUCED WARMING
Kavita Kacholia and Ruth A. Reck
Climatic Change, January 1997, 53-69

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